Using a Gold Pan
This is a very brief video showing how a gold pan is used. Gold is 19.6 times heavier then water and the rocks and sand are typically about 6 to 7 times lighter than gold. By keeping all the sand and gravel moving and suspended in water the heavier gold drops to the bottom of the pan. The lighter materials are rinsed off the edge of the pan with water leaving the gold behind.
The early days of the New Zealand Gold Rush occurred in 1861 with alluvial or placer gold fields of Otago in the South Island and quartz hard rock mining in the North Island of New Zealand in 1867. Gold Rush Online (www.KaeLewis.com) includes descriptions of the gold rush and a database which allows you to search over 50,000 entries of registered gold mining claims called miners rights and other records.
We strongly recommend visiting Gold Fields Mining Centre in Otago, New Zealand where you can see the old gold mining methods in action using original equipment. Goldmine-Experience is another excellent display including a stamper battery, separation table, a mine and working gold mining and separation equipment at Thames in the North Island (www.goldmine-experience.co.nz).
Filmed by Evan Lewis at:
Gold Fields Mining Centre,
Kawarau Gorge, Otago, New Zealand.
Location: -45.03976 169.12192